A BUN, or blood urea nitrogen test, can provide important information about your kidney function. The main job of your kidneys is to remove waste and extra fluid from your body. If you have kidney disease, this waste material can build up in your blood and may lead to serious health problems, including high blood pressure, anemia, and heart disease.

This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. Urea nitrogen is one of the waste products removed from your blood by your kidneys. Higher than normal BUN levels may be a sign that your kidneys aren't working efficiently.

People with early kidney disease may not have any symptoms. A BUN test can help uncover kidney problems at an early stage when treatment can be more effective.

Other names for a BUN test: Urea nitrogen test, serum BUN


Diagnose or monitor a variety of diseases related to the kidneys.


As part of a routine check up or you are experiencing any of symptoms indicated below.

  • Why do I this test?

  • Your health care provider may order a BUN test as part of a routine check-up or if you have or are at risk for a kidney problem. Although early kidney disease usually does not have any signs or symptoms, certain factors can put you at a higher risk. These include:
  • Family history of kidney problems
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • In addition, your BUN levels may be checked if you are experiencing symptoms of later stage kidney disease, such as:
  • Needing to go the bathroom (urinate) frequently or infrequently
  • Itching, recurring fatigue and swelling in your arms, legs, or feet.
  • Muscle cramps, trouble sleeping
Blood Urea Nitrogen

Blood Urea Nitrogen

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Note: The medical information provided here in this website is for informational purposes only and is not to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.